Union agriculture secretary Sanjay Agarwal spoke to bureaucrats heading farm ministries in various states on Tuesday in a videocall, and urged them to meet the deadline.
This will give small and marginal farmers, who are at the heart of the election strategy of every party, Rs 4,000 each before the polls.
Experts and former bureaucrats say rollout could face challenges, particularly in states such as Bihar.
The gross budget estimates under revenue for the year 2019-20 is Rs 2,72,705.68 crore, recording an increase of Rs 22,854.67 crore over the revised estimates for 2018-19.
Food and trade policy analyst Devinder Sharma said Rs 6,000 would not be enough given the severe stress the farming community was facing.
Farm loan defaults are estimated to account for 8.3% of total bank non-performing assets. Banks lend up to Rs 3 lakh to farmers at 7%.
It hopes to end the practice of farmers sharply increasing planting of a particular crop after prices surge, which leads to a glut and losses in the following season.
There had been a bumper crop of pulses in the past two seasons.
On an average, income of salaried class and others is growing 5-10% annually. On the other hand, earnings of farmers are going down.
The most striking feature of department allocation, however, is giving independent charge of at least one department to all the 10 ministers of state.
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