Variables in the text around unfulfilled past commitments of historical polluters (rich nations), unwillingness of countries (China, India, Brazil, Japan, Australia and others) towards raising their climate action targets by next year and uncertainties about carrying over (transition clause and cut-off year) carbon credits earned by countries like India, Australia, Brazil and others in pre-2020 period to post-2020 phase were key points of discontentment in the text.
With discussions remaining deadlocked on how countries trade in carbon credits, finalisation of the draft text at the ongoing UN climate change conference (COP25) looked set to be dragged on to Saturday to allow this round of global parleys to arrive at an outcome.
It is learnt that the BASIC joint statement, saying "the progress on the pre-2020 agenda will be the benchmark of success for this COP", sounded an alarm bell in the EU camp which has been resisting linking of Kyoto Protocol pledges (pre-2020) with the progress on Paris Agreement (post-2020) actions.
The provisional report also took note of a number of record high temperatures in India, including 48 degree Celsius at New Delhi Airport on 10 June and flagged how such examples at several other places with higher-than-usual recorded temperatures in the country and elsewhere in the world were consistent with a warm year globally.
The twin objectives of the Conference (COP25) are to bring more and more nations on board to work for ‘net zero emissions’ by 2050 and finalise rules on how countries can reduce their emissions using global carbon markets.
The ‘Dynamic Ground Water Resources of India’ report of the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) showed that 1,499 out of 6,881 assessed units in 2017 came under ‘over-exploited’ (1,186 units) and ‘critical’ (313 units) categories. The highest number of water stressed blocks were in Tamil Nadu.
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