Farming in Punjab and Haryana produces 30 million tonnes of paddy stubble every kharif season. Most farmers burn this crop residue as there is no cheaper way of clearing the fields. But this practice, and the criticism that it is leading to health emergencies, could soon ebb as work on the planned ethanol and bio-CNG plants has picked up pace.
India is the largest exporter of basmati rice and its price is a function of global trade. A decline of 10% in price was recorded in the first five months of the current financial year. During the period, the country exported 1.66 million tonnes of basmati compared with 1.85 million tonnes in the same period last year.
Quality of air may worsen in Delhi after a week due to stubble burning & lower temperature.
The groundwater is salty in the affected areas and when it rains, the groundwater level comes up, bringing more salt to the surface.
To produce a kilogramme of rice, 2,500-5,500 litres of water is needed, as per the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
Cotton prices are not expected to spike from current price levels.
As per Haryana’s policy for 2018, by the end of September millers had to return entire 67% of the custom milled rice (CMR) from the paddy procured.
The scheme is aimed at ensuring seamless milling of paddy and smooth delivery of rice to the Central Pool from more than 4000 mills operating in the state.
Honey exports from India grew 19% year-on-year in 2018-19 to $105 million and 13% in the previous fiscal to $101 million amid increasing demand.
Damage yet to be assessed but economists feel rain may have positive overall impact.
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