The government will launch first of its kind Aadhaar-authenticated digital data base of farmers in June, agriculture secretary Sanjay Agrawal told ET.
As per the final estimate for 2018-19 released by agriculture ministry, the country achieved record production of rice and wheat at 116.48 million tonnes and 103.60 million tonnes respectively. The production of coarse grains and pulses, however, are slightly down from 2017-18 at 43.06 million tonnes and 22.04 million tonnes.
“We are planning to roll out separate products for pre sowing losses, post-harvest losses due to cyclonic rains and losses due to unseasonal rainfall. State government in consultation with farmers may decide on products they want to buy and the risk they want to cover,” the official said.
It was already struggling with huge subsidy dues. And the Budget cut allocation by a huge 11 per cent.
The Soil Health Card scheme launched by the Modi Government during the financial year 2014-15 with a view to address the decline of soil nutrients, has started reaping fruit. In the second phase of the scheme 11.69 crore Soil Health Cards have been distributed to farmers in the last two years.
Focus is on helping farmers become competitive with liberal agri markets & state support for livestock, fisheries.
State intervention in agricultural markets is counterproductive. Govt has emerged as the single largest procurer and hoarder of foodgrains.
Recognising the need for inclusive growth of farm mechanization sector in the country, a sub mission on Agricultural Mechanization was launched in 2014- 15. Under the scheme, total funds allocated during 2014-15 to 2018- 19 was Rs 3377.07 crore and during 2018-19 it was Rs 1027.46 crore.
The survey said that the share of cereals declines steadily as MPCE level increases, from about 19 per cent for the bottom decile class of rural India to about 5-6 per cent for the top decile class, and from 15 per cent for the bottom decile class of urban India to under 3 per cent for the top decile class.
“India has remained consistently a net exporter of agri-products, touching Rs 2.7 lakh crore exports and imports at Rs 1.37 lakh crore in 2018-19,” the survey said.
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