While many Indian cities are highly polluted, Delhi — being the capital of the country — has come to be regarded as the symbol of urban pollution. The massive stubble burning that happens in neighbouring states during winter has become the focus of experts, governments and industry bodies, but there are other factors too.
Flights to Delhi were diverted to Jaipur, Lucknow and Amritsar between 9Am and 1 PM due to low visibility at Delhi airport. The visibility at Delhi airport fell to below the minimum visibility required due to smog, primarily created by crop burning in Punjab and Haryana, and has engulfed the city for the past one week.
2019 has been an unforgettable year, for all the wrong reasons: From killer smog (R) to forest fires (L), drought to flood to hurricanes, the planet saw it all.
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India’s losses from air pollution increased more than four times to $560 billion between 1990 and 2013.
Kids these days are likely to face increased risk from severe floods, prolonged droughts, and wildfires.
Each year India’s rice farmers burn the stubble of the harvested paddy crop, contributing to the annual haze.
Eight of the plants, whose operators include Vedanta, L&T and Uttar Pradesh Power Corp., have yet to order the required flue-gas desulfurization units, as per the Central Electricity Authority. The units can take as long as three years to secure and install, and it’s unclear if the operators will be penalized by authorities if they miss the deadline.
Experts monitoring the Delhi air crisis told that while the Graded Response Action Plan is a good start for “emergency” action, a “massive” and sustained series of action are required to address the scale of the problem.
In the global hall of shame, Delhi was on top with its 1,200-plus AQI, followed by Lahore at 163, Dhaka at 157 and Kolkata at 156. Pollution is forecast to improve significantly by Tuesday from the extraordinarily hazardous levels, but is expected to remain in the ‘very poor’ category, said the System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research.
The apocalyptic haze stiffened its choke on Delhi and satellite towns as scattered rains on Saturday increased humidity, leading to smog and a cloud cover preventing sun rays from warming the ground. Low visibility due to smog at the Delhi airport led to diversion of 37 flights. The Delhi government on Friday directed closure of schools till Nov 5.
With a dip in mercury in the national capital, air quality recorded in ‘Poor’ category on October 15. According to Air Quality Index (AQI), major pollutants particulate matter 2.5 remains at 214 and particulate matter 10 at 211 both in 'Poor' category. The air quality was recorded near Lodhi Road in Delhi. Earlier, CM Arwind Kejriwal had requested state governments to take measures as air quality is deteriorating day by day. Air Quality in Delhi reaches ‘poor’ category
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Heavy smog was seen in the skies of the national capital on October 11. Major pollutants PM 2.5 at 185 in 'Moderate' category and PM 10 at 201 in 'Poor' category were reported in Lodhi Road area, according to the Air Quality Index (AQI) data. There has been spike in pollution following conclusion of festivities in Delhi on Oct 8.Layer of smog envelopes Delhi after air quality deteriorates
Delhi is covered in a blanket of thick smog, one of the prime reasons being several refusing to pay heed to SC’s order on cracker ban. Violations were reported across several areas and AQI was at hazardous levels in many locations.Delhi smog: Air quality hazardous after Diwali, severe at several places
The measures, part of the Graded Response Action Plan, were enforced on November 8 after pollution levels had spiked, hitting the emergency category, accompanied by thick smog.
The UK has updated its travel advisory for India citing the runway closure at Delhi airport, which may lead to flight delays and cancellations.
On November 8, the contribution of the dust storm was 40 per cent, eclipsing the role of emissions from stubble burning, which stood at 25 per cent, SAFAR said.
The SC-appointed panel has also pitched for stickers on vehicles reflecting fuel and age so that based on the level of pollution, certain categories of vehicles can be prohibited.
SC seeks responses from Centre, UP, Haryana and Punjab on the plea seeking direction to curb pollution through road dust, stubble burning, PTI reported
The AAP government had said that it would file a review petition against the NGT's decision rejecting most exemptions given under the Odd-Even scheme.
NHAI has issued instructions to the field officials to take all possible steps to reduce contribution of the highways sector towards air pollution in Delhi NCR.
On 8 November, footage emerged of a car pile up on the Yamuna Expressway between Agra and Mathura. Vehicle after vehicle plowed into each other after drivers lost control owing to reduced visibility.
Considering banning industrial activities at NCR pollution hotspots when air quality is severe: EPCA
In a meeting on Friday with various oil and gas cos, EPCA ashed out at them asking the reason for not being able to switch to cleaner sources of energy.
The level of the most dangerous microparticles, PM 2.5, which can pierce the lungs and enter the bloodstream, was nearly 2,000, dramatically higher than the safe limit of about 50.
The SAFAR had warned that even if partial toxic firecrackers as compare to last year were burnt, then the air quality would fall in the severe category.
Monday saw a sharp turn for the worse as Delhi had “moderate” air quality at 171 on Sunday.
Simple economics is at the heart of the worsening menace that chokes Delhi every winter, ET's Nidhi Sharma found while travelling through northern India's rice belt from Sonepat to Karnal. Watch this video to know more.Watch: The economics of stubble burning
If we are serious about improving air quality, then tackling pollution has to become a serious, long-term effort.
If the govt takes tough measures against pollution, it will boost production and lead to economic benefits.
The aircrafts were diverted to Sanganer Airport here, an official said, adding that one of the charted planes was carrying BJP leader Kailash Vijayvargiya.
Doctors and experts say that besides spike in fresh cases, health complications have aggravated in people having a history of asthma, allergy or other related ailments.
Given that the smog conditions were expected, why weren’t emergency measures in place and advisories released in advance?
About 10 lakh students are enrolled in the schools administered by the South, North and East Delhi Municipal Corporations.
"But, as a government, we are determined to not let the Delhi smog-like situation happen again. And, we are concerned not just for the national capital but for the whole India.
Gandhi quoted the well-known ghazal from the 1978 Hindi movie 'Gaman' to take a poetic dig at The Delhi smog without naming any political party or leader.
Experts say that exposure to air pollution can lead to cancer and heart disease.
Delhi and Punjab governments announced complete closure of schools till Sunday following weather forecasts that situation is unlikely to improve soon.
Burning of crop stubble is on in Punjab. While it is a worry for Indian Railways now, it also means the national capital and North India should brace for dangerous levels of pollution this winter. Watch now and read the full story in ET Magazine, this Sunday (May 27).Watch: Delhi, brace for smog as crop burning continues
The LG has also issued directions for strict action against polluting industries running in Delhi, particularly in non-conforming areas
The masks will be provided to those personnel who remian posted outside the buildings to secure the entry and exit of these facilities and those who are mandated to remain positioned at vantage positions and be mobile for patrols or as part of quick reaction teams, officials added.
Arvind Kejriwal said that emergency measures are needed to tackle the situation and announced that all constructions and demolitions activities will be stopped for next 5 days.
The government in an affidavit filed by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG) said this to a bench comprising justices Madan B Lokur, Kurian Joseph and Deepak Gupta.
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The short-term study was conducted by experts entrusted by the CPCB at the time when sale of fire crackers was banned in Delhi-NCR by the top court from October 9.
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The overall air quality index, which stood at 359 (very poor) on Wednesday, jumped to 469 on Thursday, which is well into the severe category of CPCB’s index.
The hourly-readings of PM2.5, were 444, 421, 476, 509 and 460 between 10 am and 2 pm while the corresponding readings of PM10 were 630, 608, 736, 842 and 702 microgram per cubic metre (ug/m3).
Delhi chokes every winter as cool air traps a toxic blend of pollutants from crop burning, car exhausts, open fires, construction dust and industrial emissions close to the ground.
A new GPS-based navigation system for airside vehicles has been introduced at all passenger terminals of the airport to enhance operational efficiency.
All throughout the Third India-Sri Lanka Test match, talk hung heavy in the air — like the smog and particulate matter left undisturbed by a lack of breeze — of pollution and its effects.
Officials said,"the minimum temperature recorded at the other stations was -- Palam (10 degrees Celsius), Ayanagar (8.5), Lodhi Road (8.3) and Ridge (8.8)."
With two pollution stoppages in play bringing the game to a virtual halt, a stalemate seemed to have been reached with Sri Lanka not having eleven fit men to put on the field.
In today's ethos where even office-goers are focussed on maintaining physical fitness, it would be ridiculous to expect international sportsmen to play in conditions.
According to the plan submitted to the Supreme Court, the best solution to avoid burning of crop residue is to till the straw back into the field using certain machines.
A bench headed by Justice Swatanter Kumar ordered the AAP government and states of Punjab, Haryana, UP and Rajasthan to positively submit their plan before December 4.
Leading hotel chains said they are adopting new measures and initiatives to make sure that the air their guests breathe is of top quality.
The Air Quality Index, at 298, was classified as 'poor' by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). It was an improvement over 'very poor' recorded over the last few days.
The blanket of smog must have caused a heavy chest, itchy eyes and irritation in throat.
The green panel, however, refused to lift the ban on industrial activities causing pollution in the Delhi-National Capital Region.
Nadkarni told the bench that he would look into this aspect and get back to the court within a week. The bench has fixed the matter for hearing on December 4.
The National Green Tribunal today banned parking in the city's Sarojini Nagar market and said anyone found doing so would be liable to pay a fine of Rs 5,000.
The Indicus report has presented a number of practical solutions to crop stubble burning, road and construction dust, vehicular pollution, coal and fly ash, industrial emissions and waste burning.
The EPCA said the measures can be lifted with "immediate effect" as the prevailing air quality does not warrant such tough action.
This has come amidst a week of deplorable environmental conditions in the National Capital Region, as a thick layer of smog engulfed the whole city.
Vehicular emissions as well as illegal crop burning in the farm states surrounding New Delhi have caused air quality to deteriorate dramatically, prompting calls for tough action.
In his letter to Baijal yesterday, the minister pointed out that due to the hike, people are likely to use their own vehicles instead of parking them at Metro stations and using public transport.
Kejriwal met Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar in Chandigarh today and stressed that the solutions for the pollution problem needed to be found with a joint effort between the Centre and States.
On exempting women from the car rationing scheme, NGT asked the state government that why can't they run ladies special buses.
Plants of Coca-Cola, Dabur, Perfetti, HMSI, Hero MotoCorp have been hit after the National Green Tribunal banned industrial activity in and around Delhi.
Delhi government had planned to roll out its car rationing scheme from Nov 13 to Nov 17 but called it off after NGT objected to some exemptions.
The international permissible limit for PM2.5 -- particles in air with diameter less than 2.5mm -- is 25 units (micro gram per cubic metre), while for India it is 60 units.
SC issued notice to the Centre and the state govts concerned on the plea which also sought a direction to promote solar energy and EVs to check pollution.
China moved early to control pollution, especially for the 2008 Olympics by cracking down on polluting vehicles and factories to improve the air for the games.
The NGT, in its order on Saturday, said the odd-even car rationing system would have to be implemented every time the pollution hovered in the “emergency” category for a straight 48 hours.
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A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar slammed authorities for not complying with its earlier orders to decongest traffic and asked them to take steps in a holistic manner.
In view of prevailing hazardous level of air pollution, the Ghaziabad District Magistrate Ritu Maheshwari on Saturday ordered closure of 65 industrial units, including Dabur and Bhushan Steels.
The US-based carrier is possibly the first airline to suspend operations to the city, citing air pollution that has worsened in recent days .
Masks once considered an affectation of hypochondriac tourists are these days routinely worn by government workers and regular people on the street.
Officials said Delhi’s overall AQI levels are expected to come down, but are likely to remain in “severe” category due to residual pollution on the ground that can only settle down through rain.
The bench termed the plan as a 'farce' and questioned why the scheme was being imposed for just five days. It also questioned the Delhi govt counsel as to why two-wheelers had been exempted.
Many companies in the Delhi NCR region are installing air purifiers, distributing masks and allowing employees to work from home.
The green court issued the directive a day after the Delhi government announced it would bring back the odd-even plan from November 13 to 17 to combat air pollution in Delhi and NCR region.
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Illegal crop burning in farm states surrounding New Delhi, vehicle exhaust in a city with limited public transport and swirling construction dust have caused the crisis, as they do year after year.
The court reprimanded the government for its ‘irresponsible attitude’ and for causing inconvenience by not following most of the EPCA’s directives and recommendations.
The department said there was a possibility of light winds later in the day, which may clear the smog choking the national capital.
hasbeen called with the representatives of Ola and Uber.The.
The odd-even car rationing scheme will be rolled out in Delhi for five days from November 13 as part of a graded response plan to tackle the alarming level of pollution in the city.
A landmark IIT-Kanpur study, which covered the period 2013-14, said during winters, vehicles are the second largest and the "most consistent" contributing source of pollutants PM10 and PM2.5.
These simple tips can help minimise the negative effects of the hazardous air quality.
The ministry also asked affected state governments to implement the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) to battle pollution.
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The decisions were approved by Lt Governor Anil Baijal in a meeting which was also attended by Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and EPCA member Sunita Narain.
The AAP government has asked IGL to keep 1.5 lakh stickers ready for CNG-run vehicles which would also be given exemption during the odd-even scheme.
Due to the hazardous pollution levels, experts have warned people to avoid outdoor physical activities like cycling and jogging.
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