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    Everything you need to know about the new farm laws

    Synopsis

    The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation), the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services and the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act were passed by the House and received the President's assent turning them into laws.

    Agriculture-related bills will bring revolutionary changes in lives of farmers: Narendra Singh Tomar
    The President gave his assent to the two contentious agriculture Bills that were earlier passed by the Parliament. The opposition as well as long-time BJP ally Shiromani Akali Dal have termed these reforms as "anti-farmer".

    Minister of Food Processing Industries and the only SAD representative in the Modi government, Harsimrat Kaur Badal, resigned from the Union Cabinet, protesting against the bills, alleging the Bills to be detrimental to Punjab's agriculture sector. Following this, the BJP's oldest ally, Shiromani Akali Dal quit the National Democratic Alliance (NDA).

    Here is everything you need to know:

    1. What are the three agri reforms in contention?
      The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation), the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services and the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act were by the House and received the President's assent turning them into laws. Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has assured that the Minimum Support Price mechanism will stay, and adequate protection of land ownership was in place to protect farmer interests.
    2. What are they for?
      The government has said these reforms will accelerate growth in the sector through private sector investment in building infrastructure and supply chains for farm produce in national and global markets.They are intended to help small farmers who don’t have means to either bargain for their produce to get a better price or invest in technology to improve the productivity of farms.The bill on Agri market seeks to allow farmers to sell their produce outside APMC 'mandis' to whoever they want. Farmers will get better prices through competition and cost-cutting on transportation. However, this Bill could mean states will lose 'commissions' and 'mandi fees'.The legislation on contract farming will allow farmers to enter into a contract with agri-business firms or large retailers on pre-agreed prices of their produce. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020, seeks to remove commodities like cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oils, onion and potatoes from the list of essential commodities. This will end the imposition of stock-holding limits except under extraordinary circumstances.
    3. Who is protesting?
      Farmers in Punjab and other parts are protesting against these reforms. Badal, too, tendered her resignation after the Bills were passed. Opposition parties, including TMC, Congress, DMK and BSP, opposed the agriculture sector reform bills, saying they were against the interests of small and marginal farmers. Congress upped its ante against the Modi government, terming the move a conspiracy to defeat the Green Revolution.Slamming the government, Congress leader Gaurav Gogoi said: "This government has been eyeing, how they can take the farmers' land to benefit their capitalist friends, whether is the Land Acquisition Act, whether in the industrial system through weakening the labour courts and now this three-pronged attack on the Indian agricultural system through the two bills on farming - one related to APMC, the other one is related to contract farming and the third bill which is on essential commodities... a three-pronged attack on the Indian farmers."
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    39 Comments on this Story

    O. P.1 day ago
    Prof OPVerma Economist: The WTO (1995)provisions are being implemented in our country by installments.After manufacturing, services, technology, banking etc.now is the turn of agriculture and education.
    Hema Sunder10 days ago
    lets insist on making the Minimumsupport price a legalright against anybody.but the MSP shall be based on the SWAminadhan committee recommendations.ADD FIFTY and declare.FARMER can then bargain
    Unnikrishnan Tc Thekkechirakkal20 days ago
    The centre as they have no commitments to the common public of thier voters, made many such laws which all proven helped the richest of the country. By the three bills, the same will have to be happened. They will boast on the positives of the bill only for darkening the big negatives. Let us wait and see how these laws going to exploited by the corporates. The same coporates seeded the politics of ignorants in India only for their reap.
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