States, farmer producer organisations, traders, farmers and companies will be able to use the scheme, for which guidelines will soon be issued, they said. It will be used for road, rail and air transportation. Telangana and Jammu & Kashmir have already sent proposals for transporting mangoes and cherries, the official said. The subsidy is part of the 'Atmanirbhar Bharat' economic package announced by finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman in May.
“This is going to be a six-month pilot. The food processing ministry will reimburse all the claims within two weeks. The state governments and other agencies will coordinate for this,” said the official. He said the scheme will help farmers get a good price. The minimum distance between the centre of production and consumption will be 100 km. Most of the transportation of fruits and vegetables is by road and railways, while 1-2% is by air.
“The subsidy will give a big boost to domestic consumption and reduce dependence on imports,” said Kaushal Khakhar, CEO of Kay Bee Exports. “This year, litchi from Patna to Mumbai by air cargo is of very good quality and readily available in the market compared to the previous year. We expect that the transportation subsidy, largely on air freight, will also encourage exports from non-traditional production areas.” Khakhar said airlines will find this a good business opportunity.
Prices of most vegetables from tomato and maize as well as green vegetables are at an all-time low due to high transportation costs and unavailability of trucks, said Shashank Kumar, co-founder and CEO of DeHaat, which caters to Big Bazaar and Spencers besides app-based vendors. He said that a transport subsidy will help farmers get remunerative rates.
Transportation charges to ferry fruits and vegetables increased by 60% from March till May, said Tarun Arora, director at IG International. Currently, the transportation cost continues to be 30% higher than what it was before the lockdown due to the unavailability of drivers and high diesel prices, he said. The subsidy will immediately support mango and litchi farmers followed by plums, apricots, pears, cherries and apple farmers in the coming months, he added.
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