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Highlights of India's dossier implicating Masood Azhar

The designation will subject Masood Azhar to an assets freeze, travel ban and an arms embargo. The JeM has already been designated as a terror outfit by the United Nations.

ET Online|
Updated: May 01, 2019, 11.01 PM IST
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Masood Azhar declared 'global terrorist' by UN: Everything you need to know
Masood Azhar declared 'global terrorist' by UN: Everything you need to know
The United Nations Secuity Council today designated JeM Chief, Masood Azhar as a global terrorist after China lifted its technical hold on his listing under the UNSC 1267 sanctions committee. The proposal to designate Azhar under the 1267 Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the UN Security Council was moved by France, UK and the US on February 27.

What does the listing mean
Once a person or entity is designated a terrorist by the Security Council, all the countries, which are member of the United Nations, will have to establish a range of domestic mechanisms such as adoption of the list at the national level, or the use of nationally-based designations of individuals or entities appearing on them. A series of bans, including finances, travel and arms, will be imposed on the person or the entity.

* Finance
Once an individual or an entity/group is put on UN-designated list of terrorists, a UN member is required to —
- To freeze funds, financial assets, economic resources of the individual or the group.
- To freeze funds financial assets and economic resources of persons and entities acting on their behalf
- To prohibit their nationals or persons and entities within their territory from financially helping the listed individual or entity.

* Travel ban

The travel ban entails preventing the entry into or transit by all states through their territories by designated individuals.

* Arms ban
All the member states are required to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale and transfer from their territories or by their nationals outside their territories, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related material of all types, spare parts, and technical advice, assistance, or training related to military activities, to designated individuals and entities.

Azhar's designation as a global terrorist will force Pakistan to act against him and individuals and entities associated with him. This will effectively mean total immobilisation of Azhar and shutdown of his organisation and its institutions such as terror camps and madrasas.

The designation will subject Masood Azhar to an assets freeze, travel ban and an arms embargo. The JeM has already been designated as a terror outfit by the United Nations.

Under the arms embargo, all nations are required to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale and transfer from their territories or by their nationals outside their territories, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related material of all types, spare parts, and technical advice, assistance, or training related to military activities, to designated individuals and entities.

Azhaar's association with JeM & Terrorism
A known fugitive, 50-year-old Azhar, who formed the JeM in 2000, was branded the brain behind various suicide strikes in India and known to have finetuned terror tactics which included survey of potential targets before carrying out the attack.

India's Dossier on Masood Azhar's involvement in terror activities:
*Masood Azhar has intensified his terrorist operations against the Indian Government, security forces and civilians, predominantly in J&K. He has also broadened JeM’s operational focus by joining the Afghan Taliban in attacks against government and coalition forces in Afghanistan.

*JeM has undertaken a recruitment drive through its students and charity fronts. Talba Al-Murabitoon (Students Movement for Ideological & Geographical Defence of Islam & Pakistan), along with other wings such as Al Rehmat Trust and Preaching Wing, regularly organizes events in close coordination in order to urge people to wage Jehad according to Sunnat & Shariah and support their action against India.

*JeM, under the patronage of Maulana Masood Azhar also organizes events under the banner of Bazm-e-Yousafi, Majlis Wursa-e-Shoda Jammu-Wa-Kashmir, Majlis Dawat-Al-Quran and conferences in the name of killed terrorists to collect funds and radicalize & motivate youth to join their various conferences/ congregations/ programmes organized by JeM for further radicalizing and to collect donations. Posters and pamphlets issued on these occasions mention MMA as chief patron.

*In recent years, there has been a significant increase in enrolments in basic induction courses, religious programmes and jihadi training courses organized by JeM at their Markaz/centres in Pakistan including various religious/ Jehadi courses at Markaz Usman-o- Ali, Bahawalpur (Punjab).

*On the instructions of Maulana Masood Azhar, JeM has been organising various fund collection campaigns under ‘Al Rahmat Trust’ to serve Jehad, Mujahideens, prisoners and for construction of Markaz, Mosques and Madarassas. However, its sole purpose is financial support for Jihad in Kashmir and Afghanistan.

*JeM’s fund collection campaigns include “Jehad Fund” (for terrorists and funding their expenses including clothing, arms and ammunitions); “Infaq Fi Sabil Allah Muhim” (to collect funds for Jihad in Kashmir); and ‘Nusrat Fund’ (donation of Pakistan Currency Rs. 50/-). The amount collected under Nusrat Fund is under the discretion of MMA for further allotment.

*Maulana Masood Azhar decides on deployment of terrorists along with his brother and Operational Commander of JeM, Mufti Abdul Rauf Asghar. On their direction and supervision, ‘high value operatives’, particularly trained terrorists belonging to their family are infiltrated into J&K to conduct spectacular terror attacks.

*The killings of such high value targets by Indian Security Forces are then projected as “Shahadat” and leveraged for aggressive recruitment and fund collection activities in Pakistan and PoJK. Pamphlets, books dedicated to killed terrorists, photos, posts over social media, speeches of JeM functionaries and audio messages are released to further intensify recruitment and to radicalize for terror operations.

*Maulana Masood Azhar attended a three-day special session of JeM district Amirs held (October 13-15, 2017) at Markaz Usman-o-Ali, Bahawalpur. During his speech (Oct 15, 2017), he motivated people to participate in Jehad with full strength in accordance with ‘Jehad’ described in Islamic teachings. He further stated that earlier there were voices in favour of curbing ‘Jehad’ but JeM Mujahideen are destroying camps of ISF. Maulana Masood Azhar also releases a number of audio messages on Jehad, eulogizing Jihadists, praising Mujahideens fighting in Afghanistan and Kashmir, showcasing terrorist attacks by JeM and inciting youth for jihad.

*Maulana Masood Azhar is also head of the swimming course projected by JeM as Samundari Jehad39; which has been started at JeM’s Markaz Subhanallah in Bahawalpur, Punjab during mid-2018. This training has also been incorporated in JeM’s curriculum of advanced training towards its preparation to gain maritime capability in the medium to long run, to undertake sea/river-based operations.

Action by Pak-authorities:
*Masood Azhar was arrested by Pakistani security forces on December 29, 2001, after pressure from India and other foreign countries following the December 13, 2001 attack on India’s parliament. However, a three-member Review Board of Lahore High Court ordered on December 14, 2002, that Azhar be released. He was once again placed under house arrest in Bahawalpur in December 2008 following Mumbai attacks but was never charged and later the Pakistani authorities even denied about taking him into custody.

*He was put under house arrest at Markaz Subhan Allah in Bahawalpur, post ‘Balakot Attack’ (26.02.2019) and has been recently shifted to a Safe House in Islamabad.

Also Read

Masood Azhar unwell, brother runs the show at Jaish

US asks Pakistan to prosecute terrorists like Hafiz Saeed and Masood Azhar

‘Positive progress’ on Masood Azhar ban: China

Masood Azhar ban efforts in final lap

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