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    Winning the US Presidential election doesn’t require a majority, here’s how

    Pandemic election
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    Pandemic election

    The American Presidential election is going to happen on November 3 - 40 days from now - amidst a raging pandemic that could end up being a deciding factor, but the simple equation is that neither candidate needs a majority to win, here’s why.

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    Electoral college
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    Electoral college

    America’s election system puts precedence on votes from the electoral college rather than the popular vote. Each of the 50 states has a fixed number of electoral votes, which are decided by electors, who vote based on the way their state swings on election day.

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    538 electors
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    538 electors

    The entire election is decided by the 538 electors in the country. For instance, President Trump won 306 electoral votes against Senator Clinton’s 232 despite Trump accounting only for 46.1% of the total vote, while Clinton grabbed 48.2%.

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    How’s it different from India?
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    How’s it different from India?

    In the Indian system, winners are decided on a simple majority, i.e., anybody who gets the most votes, even if it is as little as 30% wins the election in their respective constituencies/states.

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    India 2019
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    India 2019

    For instance, in the last election, the BJP only got 37.6% of the votes but those accounted for 303 seats in the House, because each seat was won in its respective constituencies on a simple majority.

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