A timeline of the Ayodhya Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute
As the crucial verdict in the Ayodhya title suit will be announced by the five-judge bench today, here's a timeline of the events right from where the dispute actually began. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has appealed for calm ahead of the verdict ...
Here are a few twists and turns in the landmark case:
1528: Mosque built by Babur’s commander Mir Baqi
1850-85: First recorded incident of violence in Ayodhya. Mahant Raghubar Das files plea in Faizabad district court seeking permission to build a canopy outside the disputed structure
Dec, 1949: Idols of Rama, Sita placed inside the temple by unknown persons.
1950: Gopal Visharad files suit in a Faizabad court for right to worship the idols; Paramahansa Ramachandra Das files suit seeking to continue worship and keep the idols
1959: Nirmohi Akhara files suit seeking possession of the site
1981: UP Sunni Central Waqf Board files suit for possession
1986: Local court allows opening of gates, allows Hindus to offer prayers.
Aug-Sept 1989: Allahabad HC bunches dispute petitions for hearing, orders status quo. Rajiv Gandhi government allows VHP’s shila yatra on the assurance it would maintain status quo
Nov, 1989: Rajiv Gandhi government lets VHP perform shilanyas for temple
1990-91: LK Advani begins rath yatra to garner support for temple. Kar sevaks turn violent in Ayodhya, several activists are killed in police firing.
Dec 6, 1992: Babri Masjid structure demolished
Apr 3, 1993: Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act passed to acquire land by Centre in and around the disputed area
1993: Various writ petitions, including one by Ismail Faruqui, filed at Allahabad HC challenging Act
Oct 24, 1994: Mosque not integral to worship in Islam, SC rules
Sep 30, 2010: HC, in a 2:1 majority, orders a three-way division of disputed area between Ram Lalla, Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Central Wakf Board.
May 9, 2011: SC stays HC verdict
Feb 26, 2016: Subramanian Swamy files plea in SC seeking to press for his right to worship and construction of Ram Temple at the disputed site
Aug 7, 2016: SC sets up 3-judge bench to hear pleas to reopen the 1994 verdict
Mar 14, 2018: SC rejects all interim pleas, including Swamy’s, seeking to intervene as parties in the case
Apr 6, 2018: Rajeev Dhavan seeks reconsideration of ruling in its Faruqui judgement to a larger bench; UP opposes it as a delaying tactic.
Sep 27, 2018: SC declines to refer the case to a Constitution bench. Instead constitutes three-judge bench on October 29, 2018, to hear title suit on merit.
Jan 25, 2019: CJI Gogoi sets up a five-judge bench to hear the case overruling earlier CJI Dipak Misra’s judicial order setting up a three-judge bench
Oct 16, 2019: SC five-judge bench reserves judgement