Air pollution in India might just give you a heart attack
Thickening of arteries
A team led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) in Spain is the first to explore the association between ambient and household air pollution, and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) -- a marker of atherosclerosis or thickening of arteries -- in a population of a low-and-middle income country.
Exposed to fine particles? Bad for you
The study, published in International Journal of Epidemiology, was performed with 3,372 participants.
Land use regression
The participants also provided information on the type of cooking fuel they used.
Beware of your cooking oil
Sixty per cent of participants in the study used biomass cooking fuel."People using biomass fuel for cooking had a higher CIMT, particularly women who cooked in unventilated spaces," Otavio Ranzani, ISGlobal researcher and first author of the study, explained.
Why is the study relevant for India?
"This study is relevant for countries which, like India, are experiencing a rapid epidemiological transition and a sharp increase in the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and obesity," said Cathryn Tonne, ISGlobal researcher and coordinator of the study said in a statement.
"In addition, the country is affected by high levels of air pollution, both ambient and indoors," Tonne said.
The study conclusions may differ
The conclusions may differ considerably from studies in high income countries due to differences in population characteristics and air pollution levels and sources, Tonne noted.