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    Direct Port Delivery failing to deliver: Cos

    Synopsis

    DPD, a global concept, can potentially cut the time between a shipment landing at the port and reaching the factory to one day from nine at present.

    The initiative will cover more ports soon.
    MUMBAI: India’s drive to ship packages straight from its ports to importers appears to have hit speed bumps, with infrastructure glitches and the likelihood of loss of business uniting some companies that were intended to be its beneficiaries and freighting warehouses against the federal initiative. Direct Port Delivery (DPD), which began last year with the Nhava Sheva port on the outskirts of Mumbai, entails the delivery of a shipment from the port to the consignee instead of initially holding it at a container freight station (CFS). It now includes 778 importers.

    The initiative will cover more ports soon. DPD, a global concept, can potentially cut the time between a shipment landing at the port and reaching the factory to one day from nine at present. About 70% of India’s containerised imports now come to CFSs. The government aims to convert 70% of these imports into DPD in the next few years. Yet, some intended beneficiaries — the importers — have said the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) at Nhava Sheva faces severe congestion and isn’t ready for the DPD model. Instead of reducing the dwell-time and costs, the model has made things difficult for them, they say.

    In aletter to the additional commissioner of customs at the DPD department of Nhava Sheva, air conditioner maker Voltas said its factory at Pantnagar in Uttarakhand can handle 10-15 containers per day. DPD, however, makes it mandatory to take the delivery of all 50 containers that a vessel carries. That constraint and the limited availability of vehicles from Mumbai to Pantnagar make it difficult for the company to adopt DPD, says the letter seen by ET.

    Hence, it has put in a request to be removed from the DPD list. Luggage maker VIP Industries has said its costs on operations related to the port have more than doubled under the model. The new norms require an importer to lift a container within 72 hours of landing. Else, it will be moved to a single CFS designated by JNPT and operated by a company called Speedy Multimodes. Before this, importers had multiple CFS operators to choose from.

    “Importers have their own contracts with CFS operators. CFS is often used because it is an effective way of inventory control instead of dumping huge shipments on their factories. That facility is gone,” said a person in the know. DPD will potentially make India’s 34 CFS operators such as AllCargo, Ameya Logistics, GDL, and Hind Terminal irrelevant unless they change business model. They have been asking JNPT to give importers the option to choose their CFS operator. Operators recently said that contrary to the opinion that consignments get delayed at CFSs, the activity at such warehouses accounts for 4% of the turnaround time.

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    4 Comments on this Story

    Kshitij Kanodia681 days ago
    Being a transporter myself i know what is the port situation at nhava sheva is. The most difficult part today for transporters is doing export shipments due to dpe model as the ports are totally chocked up. Import movements are much easier because of CFS pickups. Rather bringing in infrastructure development of ports and roads around it, the government is jumping the steps where it will fall badly. Also with this model a few stake holders having financial backing are at an advantage. Also it wont help the importers as whatever said and done these few companies will unofficially squeeze the importers on extra charges to recover the cost of their lowly bid prices. Totally unexpected by modi government where a selected few will enjoy the fruits. With business monopoly in their hand they will squeeze the vehicle owners and small transporters drastically reducing their margins.
    Riya Sinha1234 days ago
    The article is not up to date with the developments in the DPD programme at JNPT. a) The importers have an option of using the CFS as a warehouse for keeping goods after clearance. Thus, The CFS will also not lose their relevance. They need to adapt to changing models and times. b) The government had targeted 40% DPD by Dec'16 and 70% for 2017-18. c) The container has to be lifted within 48 hours of landing at terminal. d) Approx 18 CFS have been designated to handle DPD, so the fear of monopoly isn't there anymore. But yes, the cost factor is something that needs to be looked upon. DPD is a beautiful programme for ease of doing business. The government needs to do more outreach activities so that proper information reaches the stakeholders.
    Jyoti Dua1235 days ago
    Logistic decision should be taken in consultation with all stakeholders.
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